The Causes And Effects Of Climate Change

Climate change is a problem this world has been dealing with for some time. It has a very large negative impact on our ecosystem; causing heatwaves that lead to droughts and fire, and melting icebergs that raise sea-level, causing serious issues for low-lying areas such as islands. There are several factors that come in to play when dealing with climate change, but the main 4 causes of climate change include; human causes, natural causes, short-lived and long-lived causes.
Human causes are things such as the burning of fossil fuels, and clearing out thriving forest land for agricultural or commercial purposes. Burning fossils fuels emits carbon dioxide, which is a greenhouse gas. Green house gasses encase the Earths atmosphere, so to speak. This means that sun rays can get in, but due to the greenhouse effect, they’re trapped within the Earth’s atmosphere. Leading to excessive heat, because the Earth can no longer cool itself through the atmosphere.
Sometimes, things can attribute to climate change that humans have no real control over. For example, volcanic activity, solar output, and the Earth’s orbit. There has been a small but steady increase in the amount of energy being emitted by the sun. This means that those rays that we’re trapping with greenhouse gasses are getting just a little hotter as time goes by.
Then it comes down to whether the problem is long-term or short-term. Things such as greenhouse gases, emitted from the burning of fossil fuels, are considered extremely long-term. Their negative effects will never go away. Only harming the Earth more and more as they pile up. Other gasses, like Sulphate Aerosols, don’t linger in the atmosphere for more than a few days. However, they do still bond with water particles within clouds and cause things like acid rain.